Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions which cause an abnormal increase in intraocular eye pressure, resulting in irreparable damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve is the large sensory nerve in the eyeball, in charge of transferring visual information from the retina to the brain where there are interpreted as images. It is believed that an unhealthy increase in eye pressure causes this optic nerve damage. Because there are very few glaucoma symptoms in its earliest stages, when it is easily managed, it is important to schedule yearly visits to Orange Coast Eye Center for an eye examination. During a comprehensive eye examination with our Garden Grove eye doctors, they’ll perform various tests to detect signs of glaucoma, such as measuring your intraocular pressure and inspecting the retina and optic nerve for damage. Diagnosing glaucoma early is crucial to prevent permanent vision loss. As the disease advances and the pressure on the optic nerve increases, patients slowly begin to lose their peripheral, or side, vision. Don’t let glaucoma silently steal your eyesight! A quick, simple, and inexpensive eye exam with the eye doctors at Orange Coast Eye Center can prevent this vision loss!
Like most eye diseases, there are major risk factors for developing glaucoma. If there is a family history of glaucoma, then your risk for developing it grows tremendously. Glaucoma typically occurs in older patients, people over the age of sixty-five, however, if you have a family history of glaucoma, be sure to schedule yearly check-ups, as the disease can begin early. Additionally, a history of eye injuries, corneal thickness, and use of steroid medications also increase your glaucoma risk. If you’re concerned about your eyesight, speak to your Garden Grove ophthalmologist at Orange Coast Eye Center about your risk for developing glaucoma.