Orange Coast Eye Center is the place to go for glaucoma diagnosis. Glaucoma is a serious disease that is marked by an excess of fluid buildup in your eye that increases your internal eye pressure. Symptoms such as a steady loss of peripheral vision, blurry vision, eye pain, severe tunnel vision, reddening of the eyes, or seeing halos around light should motivate you to call right away for an appointment with our Newport Beach ophthalmologist. However, because glaucoma can be present and advance without any clear symptoms, it is a very good idea to come in for a yearly eye exam anyway. This is especially vital because damage caused by glaucoma cannot be reversed, even with treatment. The most that treatment can do is to prevent further damage.
Diagnosing glaucoma involves the use of a series of tests. Most common among them is tonometry, which measures your internal eye pressure. Combined with a checking of your peripheral vision, this forms the foundation of glaucoma diagnosis. Other tests involve checking your optic nerves for possible damage, examining the back of your eye, and possibly other follow ups such as pachymetry, which measures the thickness of your cornea, and goniscopy, which measures the drainage angle of your eye. It is not always necessary to perform every test, but our Newport Beach ophthalmologist will determine which ones are needed based upon the results of the tonometry and peripheral vision check.
If a diagnosis of glaucoma is determined, treatment options go from the simple to the complex. It is important to note that there is no cure for glaucoma. The first step in treating glaucoma is usually the prescribing of medicated eye drops, sometimes more than one. The purpose of the eye drops is to reduce your internal eye pressure. Sometimes this is not possible through the use of eye drops alone. In this instance, our Newport Beach ophthalmologist may prescribe oral medication as supplement. If neither of those treatments achieves the necessary goal, surgery may be the only option left. Depending upon the effectiveness of surgery, one procedure may not be sufficient or eye drops may need to be resumed even after surgery.